From a news report on the big announcement -- "President Obama underscored his desire to turn space into a place for peace on (yesterday) Monday, releasing a policy paper that advocated international science missions and opened the door for future treaties that could limit space junk and weapons above Earth. But administration officials said the push for international cooperation did not mean the U.S. necessarily would ask its allies to join Obama's proposed mission to send NASA astronauts to an asteroid by 2025, which he outlined during a visit to Florida's Kennedy Space Center in April, or immediately seek a treaty that would ban space-based weapons."
Of course not! The NASA mission to the asteroid is a jobs program for NASA engineers. Can't let the foreigners in on that gravy train. And we can't go and have a treaty banning space weapons, or new space weapons, until we have all ours in place. This is too keep little countries from sending all the junk they can think of into space, spy satellites, communications satellites -- same difference!
And yes, the new U.S. policy calls "for greater cooperation with space-faring nations, including Russia and China." But don't expect much to change. But! Since there is over 500,000 pieces of space junk in space already, creating a potential hazard for satellites and astronauts, and to the earth bound, if some or a piece of it would fall down on an unsuspecting person's house or head, something must be done.